Have you ever worked on a project that seemed doomed from the start? Constant bickering over who’s doing what, what resources are needed, how much money you’ve got to spend, what the approval lanes are, and on and on? Or is there someone at work that you bump heads with or can’t seem to find common ground? By the end of the day are you exhausted and asking yourself, “what went wrong?”
When it comes to strategic planning or simply getting your day-to-day job done, stakeholder engagement is critical. Engagement helps you understand and identify the needs and priorities of those who impact your work. But, it’s often challenging to identify stakeholders and what makes them tick; that’s why stakeholder analysis and mapping is a must-do step, whether planning an initiative or attempting to build better relationships.
Stakeholder analysis is the process of identifying people who have a stake in whatever you’re doing and grouping them on the basis of their levels of interest, participation, and influence (positively or negatively). Stakeholder mapping is the process of creating a visual relationship between them and the specific needs. It allows you to physically see and understand which people have a high and low influence and which people have a high or low interest in your work. Mapping is a visual representation of the stakeholder analysis and is usually done concurrently.
One of the most effective and innovative ways to analyze and map is to engage a visual practitioner, known as a graphic facilitator. Now, before you say “I can draw that,” consider this: the graphic facilitator’s role is more than just drawing pictures; it’s a specific skill set that combines understanding of group process, meeting facilitation, and agenda design with specific and intentional visual techniques. They partner with you in clarifying your objectives, designing a process to fulfill them, and integrating visual learning processes and experiential meeting design.
Graphic Facilitation makes it easier to see how everyone fits together in one picture. It’s accessible for a variety of learning styles and can be changed and updated easily. And, bonus, it can be done in-person or virtually. Yes, you read that right – Graphic Facilitation is just as powerful and insightful in a Zoom or WebEx as it is in-person. The right facilitator turns a static digital event into a sensory experience with movement, color, and vibrancy. Working with a graphic facilitator is a creative and fun way to help you and your teams work more effectively together and make connections faster.
Stakeholder analysis and mapping makes decision making easier. It will inform almost every decision you make in regard to your stakeholders, including the frequency of your communication, the timing and agenda of your meetings, and how much information they’re given. It helps you create a communication and management plan that ensures you’re sharing the right information, with the right people, in the right way.
Without analysis and mapping, communicating with the people who have influence, impact, and interest in your work is challenging. In addition to guiding your communication, analysis and mapping helps you:
Although mapping can be done at anytime, it’s essential when you’re:
Identify everyone who has a stake in your work, who has influence or power over it (positively and negatively), and who will be directly involved. Consider utilizing a chart to track who everyone is, why and how they’re connected to your work, their communication preferences, and their influence.
Acknowledging how people impact your work (or vice versa) allows you to tailor your stakeholder management strategy and communication plan and gives you a good starting point for your map.
Now it’s time to segment. Find a common factor between the stakeholders and organize them into categories. Whether it’s by position, interests, or engagement, splitting up the stakeholders into categories helps make the information more meaningful. Be sure to include both internal and external stakeholders.
If helpful, use a simple chart to help you place stakeholders into categories that make the most sense for your project. Your categories could include:
Next, prioritize your stakeholders by analyzing and assessing their level of influence, interest, and involvement. A popular method of doing this is a Influence-Interest grid where stakeholders are grouped into four categories:
Once you’ve identified, organized, and prioritized your stakeholders, it’s time to create a communication plan for engaging them, keeping in mind their influence and interest levels. Although there are various ways to communicate, here are some best practices to be transparent and accountable:
At the risk of sounding like Captain Obvious, once you’ve completed your analysis and mapping you need to do something with it. Don’t just create it and file it away. Consider it to be a living, breathing document that needs to be refreshed and revised as time goes on. The more up-to-date it is, the more effective it will be in helping you create a strategy to engage.
Creating a stakeholder analysis map is a win-win for everyone involved. You win by having the knowledge of who you need to engage with, why, and how often and your stakeholders win by receiving the right information in the right way.
Our Stakeholder Engagement Workshop is designed to help you build trusted relationships through stakeholder analysis and mapping as well as action plans that focus on proactive communication strategies. To learn more, visit our Stakeholder Engagement Workshop page or sign-up for a free Q&A session with one of our expert facilitators.